KAROLI STONE IS WORLD FAMOUS
There are massive reserves of building, silica and Ghiya stones underneath of the Earth in the Karauli District of the eastern Rajasthan. There is a plenty of mines having stones used in the construction of buildings. There are massive reserves of red-pink shades building stones in Sapotra, Madrayal and Hindaun subdivisions of the Karauli district. The stone is famed for being used in building construction since ancient times. These stones have been used in few very famous buildings of the country including Red Fort of Delhi, Forts of Agra Fatehpuri and the Parliament of India.
Red stone have been used in large scale in the construction of forts and castles built by the local Riyasats. Use of huge pillars in the construction of walls, ceiling and floor still provides strength to the old buildings of the villages. At district headquarter Sukh Villas garden which is being used as Circuit House is made from the red and white stones. In this historic monument carving of leaf and fruits along with birds is so wonderfully carved without using lime and sand, which keeps its viewer amazed.
Although the red- pink shaded stone of Karauli is used in building materials locally, but now it has been made attractive by policing it in the Gangsa units. The stone mined here in Sikandra-Manpur area of Dausa District is used for stone cutting at large scale, where attractive statues, artefacts of birds, build up of mesh windows are made and began to export in foreign. Sufficient amount of primary and secondary minerals are available in Karauli. It is difficult to predict the time of origin of the production of secondary minerals being done here. The primary mineral production started here in the 19th-century. Major primary minerals found in Karauli are Ghiya Stones (Soap Stones), Silica sand, China clay, White clay and Colloidal Silica.
One fourth population of Karauli directly and indirectly depends on the mining work. Most of the people work in mineral production in Mandarayal area. Hindaun is the biggest centre of the building stones. Over the years dark red strips have become famous for roof construction. Many units of stones carving are present in working condition due to its presence on the north-west railway lines of Hindaun. After designing the different types of stone shapes, they are sent to different areas of the country by road and railway line. Transportation Business of Karauli totally depends on mineral production.
Sufficient reserves of silica are available in Karauli and Sapotra tehsil. This stone is basically used in industry related to glass work. This is used 85 to 90 percent in glass and 10 to 15 percent in feldspar and limestone. The stones are found in the white and brownish colour which is used for making glass bangles and artifacts. These are not used at the local level and are sent to Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttranchal states after mining. The Mineral department has leased only 34 mines in the district, which provides employment to approximately 500 workers every day. The mines of Silica exists in villages - Ramapur, Atalpura, Richhoti, Khirkhida, Gairai, Dhaoreta, Ghoreti, Kadhai, Gothra, Mijhaura of the district. Mines work is done on a large scale with Ahasi India Limited Company of Khirkhida Village and Rajasthan sands and clays private limited in Mijhaura. Silica stone is liquefied after grinding by the crasher in glass factories which is used by converting it into different shapes. Colloidal silica is used for polish; this is sent to different cities of the state for the use of nail polish, boot polish.
It is called the “Building stone”. It is generally used in the building making. Sandstone found in the area of Karauli, Sapotra, Mandrayal and Hindaun. In flat mountains, it is found in block shape and form. It is found in white and pink color in some places in Mandrayal area and in the rest of the areas, it is found in dark red colour. The stone is made by cracking block and by giving shape as per the usage. This mine work totally depends on human labour. At present stone is being moved in the form of big blocks to Gangsa units, where cutting and polishing works are done by the skilled workers to make sculpture of different shapes and mesh window. The Mineral department has leased 155 mines in the district, which provides employment to approximately 20 thousand people every day.
This mineral is extracted in the form of tiny blocks for the construction of buildings and enclosures. Its consumption is limited locally. In local language, this stone is called as “Khanda Ki Khan”. This mineral is mostly found in dark red and cream colour in Karauli District. Building walls constructed from this stone are strong and use of this mineral reduces consumption of cement and limestone as well. Mineral Department has leased 107 mines of “Masonry Stone” in the district, which provides employment to approximately 1000 people per day.
Ghiya Patthar (Soapstone)
“Ghiya Patthar” is mainly used in beauty products and it is found in white, light green and brown shades. A number of mines are found in Nadoti and Todabhim areas of the Karauli District. It is also known as Soapstone. Apart from the beauty products industry, it is also used in paper and rubber industry as filler. Its mines are situated in Mora, Ghaat, Dhawaan, Dhauleta, Rewali, Pal and Jeetki villages in Karauli. This mineral after mining in the district in its original form and after crushing in crasher, is sent to the other cities and provinces of the state. Especially it is majorly supplied in the states of Delhi and Haryana. Mineral Department has leased 11 mines of “Soapstone” in the district, which provides employment to approximately 100 labourers per day.
Two types of clay are found in Karauli – China clay and White clay. This mineral is used in ceramic industries and parties industries from which utensils, insulating equipments and toys are made. China clay and white clay are found in “Sapotra” area of the district.The Mineral department has issued mine lease for 9 places, including Narauli Dang Bholupura, Padampura, Bapoti, Kavtipura areas where the mining work is done and it provides employment to approximately 300 people per day.
Since time immemorial hand-mill stone used for grinding grains were made with hard and strong stones but light-weight. Hand-mill stones of the Tali village in Masalpur area of Karauli District are not only famous in nearby areas but also in other states. This deep reddish coloured stone is known for its robustness. The Mineral department has leased 5 mines in Masalpur area which provides employment to 50 persons directly and 100 persons indirectly.
Apart from this, Barytes mineral reserves found in Karauli. This mineral is used in digging oil wells, colouring and in the manufacturing of Vorium chemical. Reserves of this mineral are also found in Sapotra area. Reserves of white chalk are also found in the district. Mineral department has leased 2 mines of chalk, which provides employment to 50 persons per day. This is used for painting buildings, making chalks and making plaster of Paris.