History

       The importance of Karauli district, which is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan, cannot be underestimated. It was established as 32nd district of the state on 19th July 1997 and this geographical part of the state is home to high diversity. The district has been divided into 6 administrative sub-divisions, while geographically the land area can be divided into three areas namely: Dang Area, Hilly, and Plainland areas.

      There is a lot of cultural diversities in the Karauli district. It is culturally divided into two areas namely: Madh and Jagroti. An influence of Brij culture can be seen across the Karauli district. Fairs and festivals have been the medium of culture in this area.

      The minerals found in this geographical area of the district are recognized regionally and globally. Mandrayal, Masalpur, Sapotara, Todabheem and Hindaun areas have reserves of various types minerals. Silica stone found here is used in large quantity in the manufacturing of glasses for vehicles, while the use of sandstone in the construction of historical and modern buildings describes the importance of the district.

      Green hilly ranges are splendour of Karauli district, while chirping and musical sounds of birds around waterfalls, lakes, and dams provide the picturesque environment. It’s gorgeous palace walls and gates narrate the story of historical ups and downs, while attractive Chataris, historic forts and monuments document and portray the tale of its unbelievable glorious past.

      Litterateurs and artists of this land have contributed immensely to the prestige and glory of the land through getting a national recognition to thoughts and sacraments of this area. Whereas sportsmen and soldiers in national service who were born and brought up in village environment of the land, also added prestige to their motherland. Presence of “Char Dham” in Karauli along with religious and communal peace is a unique example of eye-catching tourism splendour which is a god gift.

HISTORIC BACKGROUND

      District Karauli falls under “Nizamat” of ancient regions of Karauli state along with Hindaun and Gangapur of Jaipur state. It was named Kalyanpuri by Yaduwanshi rulers. Karl Marx and Colonel James Todd had mentioned in their book about Karauli. Karauli state was merged with Matasya group in April, 1949. It was merged with Jaipur state and became part of the United State of Greater Rajasthan. The Government of Rajasthan announced creation of Karauli district which was carved out of five Tehsils of Sawai Madhopur on 1st March, 1997. Notification of formation of Karauli district was issued on 15th July 1997 and then Chief Minister Shri Bhairo Singh Shekhawat inaugurated the district on 19th July, 1997. According to the Census 2011 population of the district is 14, 58, 459 and its area is 5,043 Sq. Km. The main river of state ,Chambal River, separates it from Madhya Pradesh. Numerous Forts and Fortresses points to it's glorious history. Out of these forts, Timangarh, Untgiri, and Mandrayal tell the story of the medieval period of the country. The Timangarh fort remained under principality of Yadhuvansh. During the period from 1093 to 1159 King Timanpal, the powerful King of the dynasty, got the Timangarh fort constructed. There are numerous ‘Chataris’ of historic legendary personalities still standing straight. The presence of relic evidences related to sculpture and architecture in Timangarh, Karauli, Hindaun etc indicate presence of magnificent temples in earlier times. Old remains are still available in King Mordhwaj’s city Gadmora in the Karauli district.

ESTABLISHMENT OF KARAULI DISTRICT AT A GLANCE

      The formation of Rajasthan State process started in 18th March 1948 with merging of Karauli, Dholpur, Alwar and Bharatpur principalities into Matasya union. After independence, all were declared as district except three principalities namely Karauli, Dholpur and Pratapgrah. Dholpur and Pratapgarh were merged into bigger principalities of Bharatpur and Chittorgarh respectively, but Karauli was merged with the province of Sawai Madhopur.

      Now these principalities have been made districts in following sequentially order: 27th Dholpur, 32nd Karauli and 33rd Pratapgarh district. In 1975 announcement of opening of Post Graduate College in Karauli was made, but was later taken back due to the reason that classes can only be held at district headquarter. Thus Post Graduate College became the breeding ground of the district creation movement. In 1976 an article was published in Rajasthan Patrika (daily newspaper) with a title “Vichitrataon Ka Gahr Sawai Madhopur”. These article described agonies of the district headquarter. The article “Suli Upper Saij Piya Ki Milna Kis Bidhi Hoye” gave pace to the movement for establishing Karauli as separate district. In 1977 first memorandum was given to the government through public and the movement continued. In January 1990 a big movement was started by locals of Karauli, where people of all community kept the market closed and took out a torch procession, which is still a paragon of awareness and unity of the people of Karauli. Around three thousand people collectively demonstrated outside the Assembly, unfortunately they had to face ‘Lathi Charge’. Some of the people behind “Jilla Banao” are no more but role of the organisations behind the development of Karauli is unforgettable. Under the guidance of Ex-MLA Late Baba Hansram Singh Gurjar, Advocate Abdul Rahim and Advocate Late Jagdish Paul, youths participated actively and the charge to lead youth was given to Advocate Late Chandra Prakash Sharma. A large number of youths joined this movement, writer Udho Singh also actively participated in this movement and worked wholeheartedly till achieving the final goal. In 1993 movement again gained force and due to the sacrifice and efforts of Ex-MLA Late Hansram Singh Gurjar in 1997 and based on the suggestions of the revenue department, in the budget on 12th March 1997 creation of karauli district was announced and on 19thJuly 1997 Karauli was officially established as a separate district.

      Before formation of district, offices of District Education Officer, District Hospital and Chief Health Officer, Devesthan Vibhag, District Treasury Officer, Forest Officer and offices of other executive engineers were present here. The Municipality was established in Karauli in 1884, electricity came in 1928, district hospital was established 110 days prior to Sawai Mansingh Hospital,Jaipur and High School of Karauli was older than the High School of Kota.

NAMING OF KARAULI

      There were countrywide wars in India during Mughal period after Mahabharat. One strategy was to get to know the status and powers of the enemy in advance, to keep the invaders off their territory and to keep them engaged and to know and understand their plans, a squad of specially trained warriors was used to be sent which was known as “Karawul” or “Karaul” in Persian. Later on, the officials deciding the location of war were also came to known as Karauli (Page 35, Babarnama, Year 900 Hijri calendar).

      During peace time, they used to go for warfare practice with wild animals during chevy (hunting), treating them as enemies. Intelligent ones used to have mental exercise by playing chess. Hunting was considered to be a brave activity, interesting, engaging and forests marching fun exercise for the warriors, in which categories of valor were decided. Karauli Naresh Bhanwarpal Ji Dev ruled from 1886 to 1927, and he had a great liking for the lions. The leader of hunting expeditions, and those gathering information about the location and number of wild animals came to be known as Karaul. Their caves and wild abodes made by digging mud, machaan and Kandara came to be known as Karauli, likewise Chandeli, the city of Chandels, Karwal (sword) warriors and those with strong arms are known as Karbali.

      The place where Karauli city is situated now had dense forests till 1600 AD. There were deep drains on the banks of river Bhadrawati and lions, tigers, bears, pigs, deer and Nilgai (wild cow) used to wander in plenty. A small settlement of hunters was developed there that was known as Karaouli, which was later addressed as Karauli due to ease in speaking. Only Karaouli is mentioned in the documents of Mughal period. British period invoices also mention KEROWLEE. The place where Kirawul army used to have wars or the wild animals were hunted after being cornered came to be known as Kirawali, like Kirawali station in the north of Agra. The Karaul Bagh in Delhi is now known as Karol Bagh.

      One more princely name of the Karauli city was Kalyanpuri which was named after the temple of Shri Kalyan Rai ji. The city was founded in between 1345 to 1328 AD with this name, but the first king, Dharm Mani Dharmpal was enthroned 300 years later in 1644. The city did not flourish for 379 years, and the nearby villagers used to address the region as KEROWLEE, which was later changed to Karauli, as it was easy to pronounce and was in use for a  long time instead of Kalyanpuri.

WHITE CHAPTER IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF KARUALI DISTRICT

      The district was established keeping the development of the backward Daang region in mind. The scarcity of roads connecting the district with far-flung villages and Dhanis (small remote village settlements), lack of electrification, and scarcity of means of education, health, drinking water and irrigation were the main problems of the region. The need of administrative decentralization was felt here for long. After the establishment of the district, Daang Development Board was formed in which 52 village Panchayats of Sapotra Division, 44 of Karauli and 6 of Hindaun were added, and at covered 45.53 percent area of the district. To augment the administrative setup, new sub-divisions of Todabhim, Mandrayal, Nadouti and Sapotra were created. All the while 60 Dhanis were upgraded to the status of the village.

      Presently, each village with a population of 500 or above is connected with road through Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. The condition of the roads leading to cities and suburbs of the district has also improved. It’s a difficult task to connect the scattered population of Daang region with roads, but now link roads have been laid in most of the villages. Under the ambitious MNREGA scheme, gravel roads network is spread everywhere. Renewal work has been carried out on the roads connecting Kailadevi-Karanpur and Masalpur under Central Roads Fund Scheme. The work for the up gradation of Shri Mahvir Ji-Nadouti, Mahawa-Karauli roads is in progress. With the construction of Dholpur-Lalsot State Highway, the distance between Karuali and Jaipur will be decreased. There is a complete change in the condition of roads in Karauli, Sapotara and Mandrayal.

      For the expansion of transportation facilities, a new Depot of Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation has been set up in Karuali. The first decade of the twenty-first century brought a gift for Karuali residents, when Indian Government accepted the demand to connect Karuali with railways. After continued efforts and long process, the primary budget was allocated for the gauge change on Dholpur-Saramthura line and its extension to Gangapur City via Karauli. Final location survey work is in progress at present. Railway Reservation Centres have also become functional at Karauli and Sapotra during this period. People have benefitted with the halting of main trains at Hindaun city.

      There has been an extensive expansion of health services after the creation of the district. A district level building for the existing General Hospital functioning at the district headquarters could be constructed upon approval of funds for the new building. The present hospital has been certified as standard one. Now 7 community centres, 27 primary health centres and 225 health sub-centres operational in the district are providing their services to the citizens. Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, and Unani system based hospitals are offering their services to the people to keep them disease-free. Keeping in mind the higher possibility of TB among work as in mines, separate TB units are functioning in Karauli, Hindaun and Sapotra. Now 108 Ambulance Service is available for immediate medical assistance to accident victims and those suffering grievously.

      For the expansion of higher education, a girls’ college in Karauli and a new government college in Todabhim were made functional. There has been expected improvement in the primary and the secondary level education. While the number of government schools in the district has increased for the educational development, all the same nongovernmental schools have connected the students with education by reaching out to their homes. 28 Madarsas are functioning in the districts among the minority population, and to educate girls in remote village areas, residential Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalyas have been started at the Block level. Now Middle Schools have been opened at almost each Panchayat Headquarter and Primary Schools in each village. Currently, around 7,000 girl students are studying in 74 schools of various categories running in the district. Separate post graduate colleges for girls are functional in Karauli and Hindaun. For vocational education, 12 ITIs are functioning in the district. A Central School (Kendriya Vidyalaya) and a Navodaya School near Hindaun are also operational under the central government.

      Keeping in mind the unlimited possibilities of tourism development in the district, financial provisions have been made for the development of Shri Mahavir Ji and Kaila Devi shrines. More than five thousand workers have got employment in 2635 registered small scale industries in the district. RIICO has established industrial areas in Karauli and Hindaun. Horticulture and Bamboo Mission like agriculture promotion schemes are running in the district. More than 60,000 families under BPL are getting benefits under various schemes. There has been a decrease in the migration of labourers as they are getting employment under Employment Guarantee Scheme. Prosperity is visible in the tribal dominated areas due to the benefits of MADA Scheme. As Karauli has been declared a Backward District by the Central Government, provision for sufficient funds has been made for the development of rural and urban areas. The scheme has proved to be a boon for the development of basic infrastructure in the municipality for the first time. Dhanis with the population of 300 are being provided electricity connectivity under Rajiv Gandhi Rural Electrification Scheme. Several grid stations of 33 KW and 11 KW have been established under Power Extension Scheme. The problem of faults and tripping in power in remote areas will be resolved through this scheme.

      Hopes are high for the resolution of drinking water problem for the residents in Karauli and Sawai Madhopur Districts after approval of the ambitious Chambal Drinking Water Scheme. The building of annicut for irrigation under Rural Development Programme has proved beneficial for agriculture and livestock. Panchna, Jagar, Khoh and Dohri irrigation projects a boon for the farmers of the district. Recently sanctioned Gambhir River annicut, Masalpur Stone Mart, Hindaun Dairy Plant, New Anaaj Mandi  Yard, Central Co-operative Bank and District Aabkari Office in Karauli are indicative of the development in various sectors. Development is a continuous process that keeps moving forward. There are unlimited possibilities of development in other sectors too. With the co-operation of administration and public, the movement of development cycle will continue unabated in the future too. For this, will power and efforts of public representatives will prove effective; so is the belief of the people.

ROLE OF KARAULI IN THE FREEDOM MOVEMENT

      The land of Karuali district is known as “Veer Prasuta”, the one that produces warriors. Whereas the warriors of the land have displayed unmatched courage and valour in the battlefield, they have played their full role in the Indian freedom struggle. During Riyasat period, Karauli platoon was well recognized in other states, which had more Sepoys from Brahman, Rajput, Gurjar and Pathan communities. Each warrior was willing to die for his motherland without any caste discrimination and consideration. The revolution of 1857 had wide range repercussions on the then Rajputana. In Kota state, the army began its rebellious actions against the rulers on 15 October 1857. Rebels arrested the Kota Maharao Ramsingh and killed several British officers along with the political agent Warton. Army groups reached Kota and freed the Maharao from the clutches of the rebels.

      Numerous Rajputs and Gujjars entered into the army formed by the British. Soldiers of the land displayed their gallantry during World War II also. On May 12, 1942, a Karauli’s constable Kamalram Gurjar posted in 2 Rajput Regiment company was honoured by the British King George VI himself when he adorned Kamalram with the Victoria Cross ribbon with his hands. He was the first constable to get Victoria Cross in Italy. Later on, he retired from the post of Subedar Major Honorary Captain. Numerous Karuali warriors had pledged to die for the country in Azad Hind Fauz constituted by Subhash Chandra Bose. Amar Singh Gurjar of Gudla Pahari, Chhitar Singh and Gujarmal Gurjar of Pipalpura, Mangal Singh Gurjar of Garhi Bandhva, Ghamandi Ram Gurjar of Sunder Pura, Jawan Singh of Kharikua (Taali) and Kishan Lal Gurjar of Rajpur are among those INA soldiers who thought to join INA after joining the Indian Army formed by the British on the evocation of Netaji Subhash. In 1942, Karuali soldiers conjoined Azad Hind Fauz (INA) in Singapore Camp of Netaji by deserting the Indian Peace Army of the British. They fought with the British Army in the capacity of INA soldiers all through Burma to Assam. In 1944, they were kept in Rangoon Jail and later confined into AndamanNicobar under the pressure of British Army. Finally, when the country got independence, all soldiers were released from jails and returned to India.

      While brave soldiers enhanced the pride of Karauli with their abdication and sacrifice, on the other hand, educated Gandhians had their effective contribution in providing momentum to the freedom movement. Library, which was established in July 1915 in Saledi Bhawan, could be considered as the center point for freedom awakening in Karauli. Thakur Pooran Singh, Narayan Singh, Madan Singh, Trilok Chand Mathur, Param Singh and Hukam Chand were the active members of the operating committee of the library meant for the benefit of all. Madan Singh began his freedom movement by creating public awareness against the royalty. In November 1921, he also participated in the Rajputana-Middle India executive meeting of Marwari Library, held in Chandni Chowk, Delhi. The meeting was presided over by Seth Jamunalal Bajaj. Madan Singh set on starvation against Royalty on 28 February 1924, for demands related to public interest. After massive public movement, then on the assurances of then king to meet the demands at the earliest possible the starvation was ended.

      Trilok Chand Mathur founded National Congress in Karauli in 1924. After the demise of Madan Singh in 1927, freedom movement was led by Trilok Chand Mathur. Jhanda Satyagraha (Flag Satyagraha) was held here in 1932. Main activists of the region also participated in the Namak Satyagrah (Salt Satyagrah) and Savinay Avagya Aandolan led by Gandhi Ji. A massive public procession was held starting from Madan Mohan Ji Mandir in January, 1932 against the arrest of Gandhi Ji. The angry king got snatched the tricolour flags of all patriots. Karauli market remained closed for three days to protest against this action. Efforts were made to arrest Trilok Chand Mathur, but the police could not succeed. A massive public meeting was held on Anaaj Mandi Tiraaha on the last day of the movement. The king had to return the flags after gauging the popular public sentiment for nationalism. The state administration continued its repression against the nation lovers. A Bhadbhooja had to pay a fine of Rs. 51 for installing the picture of Mahatma Gandhi on his shop. Trilok Chand Mathur founded Rajya Sewak Sangh in 1937. Thakur Onkar Singh, Ram Singh, Narayan Singh, Thaan Singh, Bhouralal Sharma and Shyam Sunder were its active members. Four members from Karuali participated in Tripuri session of the Congress. Trilok Chand Mathur voted in favour of Subhash Chandra Bose for Congress Presidency in the capacity of executive member. Karauli Praja Mandal was founded in 1939. Thakur Onkar Singh was elected President of Karauli Praja Mandal and Congress Committee.

     Meanwhile, Karauli state issued an order warning all its employees of strict action if any of them participated in the activities of Praja Mandal. A conference of the national workers of the states of entire Rajputana was held on 30 November 1939 in Mathura, whose convener was Trilok Chand Mathur.

KARAULI AT A GLANCE

•Ganesh Pal was the last emperor of Karauli, after him, Ganesh Gate is situated in the city is named.

•The people of Yadav descent royal family of Karauli used “Pal” instead of “Singh” after their name because 'Singh' can eat the cows but the literal meaning of Pal is caretaker. This influence is due to Yadhuvansh. 

•Sandal laced garden Darsukh Vilash was a post office of Public Work Department established by emperor Darvakshpal in the 1891 AD.

 •Royal family worship goddess Anjani mother of Hanumanji as Family goddess. There is a grand temple of Goddess Anjani of saffron colour on the hill eastern side of the District Headquarter. 

•In July 1997, Mr. Bhairo Singh Shekhavat prevailing Chief Minister of Rajasthan has separated Dang region from Sawai Madhopur due to which Karauli has emerged as the 32nd district. 

•Mr. Pritam Singh was the first District Collector. •There are six subdivisions in the district, namely  Karauli, Hindaun City, Todabhim, Sapotra, Nadouti, Mandrayal and three municipalities are functioning at Karauli, Hindaun and Todabheem. 

•There are four assembly constituencies -Todabheem, Hindaun, Sapotra and Karauli-Dholpur as parliamentary area in the district. Parliamentary seat and Hindaun assembly constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Caste, and Sapotra and Todabheem are reserved for Scheduled Tribe. 

•Chambal, Kalisil, Bhadrawati, Bhaisavat, Ata, Manchi and Barkheda rivers are flowing in the district. 

•Panchna dam made with the combination of five rivers. Nagtalai, Jaggar, Maamchari, Needar, Kalisil, Khirkhiri, Vairunda reservoir are under the Water Resource Department. 

•The historical relics comprise in the grey painting of red, black pots are found in the Gadh Mora, Kamedi villages of Nadauti Tehsil. 

•Hindaun is called the capital of Prahlad’s father Hiranyakashyap, where God took avatar of Narsihman. There is a temple of God Narsinghji. Demon Hidimbaa, married with Pandav son Bheem, also lived in the nearest forest area. 

•There is a grand temple of Goddess Kaila Maiya in the south of district headquarters and 25 KM away. There is a Khohri Maiya temple 3 K.M. before Kaila Devi temple on the bank of Kalishil River. Languriya songs of here are very famous. 

•Four hundred years old statue of Jain community’s Shree Mahaveerji is present in Chandangaon. A grand fair is held on this holy shrine of Jains from 13 Chaitra to 2 Baisakha. When the grand chariot of Lord Mahaveer passes, Subdivision officer becomes the charioteer. 

•“Kalibai Mahila Shaksharta Unnayan Puraskar” highest prize of literacy in Rajasthan has been awarded to Shri Mahavirji's Sadhvi Late Kamlabai in the year 2005. 

•There is an ancient grand temple of Lord Balaji devotee of Rama in the Mehandipur village of Todabheem subdivision. The half portion of the temple lies in the Sikray Tehsil of Dausa District. 

•The state level Mahashivratri Animal fair is organized every year in the months of FalgunKrishna till 14th by the Animal Husbandry Department in the district headquarter Karauli, in which traders of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh including Rajasthan get involved in buying and selling of ox, camel and horses. 

•Mandrayal town is named upon Saint Mandavya. Pahad Band Balaji and Aravali Mountains are of scenic beauty. The fair is being organized every year in the month of Jyestha on the mausoleum of Nirgunji. 

•Mandrayal Durg is called as the key of the Gwalior Durg. 

•Timangarh fort is located in the north of tehsil Masalpur, famous for betel farming, built by King Timanpal in the 1049 AD. This fort with two doors and four walls have scenic like Nanad-Bhojai Ka Kua, Rajgiri Ka Pakka Bazar, Oil Well, Badha Chowk, Aamkhas Prashad, temple, Mandal of Kiledar, Pradhan Chhatriyan and associated Garbhgrih, Tehakhaane. This fort is known as “Tripurar Nagari”. Mohammad Gauri has named it “Islamabad” in the year 1196. 

•Surauth town is famous for floor mill roller, which is exported to many countries like Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, including Pakistan. There is also a fortress. 

•The Chauhan King Mordwaj settled village called “ Mora” and Sapotra fortress is situated in the Karauli in the name of Sehra Mata founded by Ratanpal’s sons Udaypal. There is a grand pond in the midst of Sapotra fortress.

 •There is a temple of famous Goddess Barvasan in Adadungar of Sapotra. 

•Munshi Trilokchand Mathur has established Praja Mandal and Karauli Raj Sewak Sangh in the year 1938. There is a stadium in Karauli Headquarter by his name. 

•Swami Dayanand Saraswati came as a state guest of honor in Karauli in the year 1855. 

•Chinkara, Jarakh, Tiger, Jackal are found in Dhauk forest surrounding Kailadevi wildlife sanctuary.

 

FREEDOM MOVEMENT AND KHADI OF KARAULI 

      Kunwar Madansingh has initiated Khadi in Karauli in the year 1920. Initially, the transactions of Khadi were done in the Shree Sarv Hitkari Pustakalaya; at that time some aware workers used to do the promotion of Khadi along with Kunwar Madan Singh, but after his death in the year 1927 aware workers established Madan Khadi Kutir and gave pace to the work of Khadi. At that time, Thakur Unkarsingh, Narayansingh, Paramsingh, Munshi Trilok Chandra Mathur and many other workers used to work for Khadi. At that time, this organization was used to operate in Saledi Raval. This Khadi was used due to its good quality in the nearby area. At that time, the workers who used to get associated with politics were also associated with the Khadi. The first tour of the organisation was done by the prominent worker of Khadi Shri Shankarlal Vaidlalkar in the year 1930 and gifted Rs 6000. He got so much impressed with work of Khadi Kutir that he informed Mahatma Gandhi about this. Karauli Khadi was exported to Mumbai and Gujarat due to it's superior quality. After that, the tour of the organisation of the Madan Khadi Kutir was done by Bhagirath Lal Wagoriya where he gifted Rs 3000 to Madan Khadi Kutir. The representative functionaries of Madan Khadi Kutir went to meet Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1929 on his arrival in Ajmer and gifted Madan Thaan fabricated in Madan Khadi Kutir and Rs 200.

       Representatives included Thakur Unkar Singh, Saigar, Ram Singh, Narayan Singh, Param Singh, Munshi Trilokchand Mathur, Pt. Chiranjeev Sharma, and Shyamsudnar Sharma etc. New workers were added in this organization due to the freedom movement. Gaindalal, Hujur Singh, Ramvilash Gupta, Manoharlal, and Magan Lal Gupta etc. joined Madan Khadi Kutir in the year 1935. In 1941, Basantlal Rathi, Ramcharanlal Gupta, Manoharlal, Maganlal, Gupta also joined. The work of this organization was started in Mandrayal and Sapotra of Karauli Riyasat and in Gangapur and Hindaun towns of Jaipur Riyasat and their branches started functioning. Thakur Unkar Singh Saigar and Shyamsundar Sharma had taken the responsibility of work in Mandrayal while the work was handled by Maganlal Gupta in Sapotra. Khadi workers Chiranjilal Sharma, Ram Singh and other workers have established a new Khadi organization named Gram Sewa Mandal, aiming to increase Khadi work after the shutdown of the Madan Khadi Kutir in 1946, whose inauguration was done by Haribhau Upadhyay in 29th May, 1947. Khadi work still continues on a large scale due to the opening of this organization in Karauli. 

WARRIORS OF KARAULI

        The warriors of Rajasthan are world famous. In the same way, the youth of Karauli are not behind in serving the country. The citizens of Karauli who have achieved many medals of valor by serving the country are listed below:

S. No

Rank

Name

Medal of Valor

Name of Operation

Regiment

Address

1

Subedaar

Kamalram Gurjar

Victoria Kans

Second World War

Rajput Regiment

VILL. Bholupura, PO. Makanpur. Teh. Karauli

2

Lais Nayak

Ram Singh Gurgar

Vir Chakra

Inida Pak 1948

Rajput Regiment

VILL. Nayagaon PO. Daivlen, Teh. Todabhim

3

Sepoy

Chauthi Ram

Vir Chakra

Indo Pak 1948

Rajput Regiment

VILL. PO. Raudkala, Tahsil. Karauli

4

Subedaar

Raghubeer Singh

Sena Medal

India Pak 1971

Signal

VILL. PO. Nadouti

5

Sepoy

Pyar Singh Gurjar

Sena Medal

Indo Pak 1971

Rajput

VILL. PO. Kaimri, Tahsil. Todabhim

6

Pioneer

Janak Singh

Saurya Chakra

Operation Rakshak 1994

Pioneer

VILL. PO. Mudiya, Teh. Todabhim

7

Head Constable

Raghuveer Singh Gurjar

Police Padak

Manipur

B.S.F

VILL. PO. Taisgao, Teh. Todabhim

8

Laish Nayak

Prahlaad Singh

Army Medal

Operation Guard 1998

Rajput Regiment

VILL. Luhar Kheda, PO. Urdain, Teh, Todabhim

9

Constable

Bane Singh

Saurya Chakra

Operation Saver 1998

Maik- Niged Infanty

VILL. Bhawarwada, PO. Gudhachandraji. Teh, Nadouti

10

Sepoy

Beeram Singh

Sena Medal

Operation Vijay 1999

Rajput

VILL. PO. Tidhriya, Teh. Todabhim

11

Constable

Deendayal Sharma

V.S.M

-

Artalri

VILL. PO. Matasuda, Tahsil. Todabheem

12

Constable

Sheesram

Mansion in Dispatch

Operation Vijay 1999

Rajput

VILL. PO. Andhiya Khurd, Teh. Nadouti

13

Constable

Prahlad Singh

Sena Medal

Operation Trishul 2000

Rajputana Rifle

Vill- Veervas, PO. Teh. Karauli

14

Subedar

Bharat Singh

Sena Medal

Operation Saver J&K 2003

Rajput

VILL. PO. Kaimri, Teh, Nadouti

15

Lais Nayak

Chatar Singh

 Army Medal

Operation Hifajat

Pairachute Regiment

VILL. PO. Jhadisa, Tesil. Todabheem

15

Lais Nayak

Charar Singh

Sena

Medal

Operation Hifajat

Pairachute Regiment

VILL. PO. Jhadeesa. Teh. Todabhim

16

Rifle Man

Suresh Singh Solanki

Saurya Chakra

Operation Rakshak J&K 2006

Rajput

VILL. Mahukhas, PO. Mahuibrahimpur, Teh. Hindaun

17

Karnal

Hukam Singh Bhaisla

Sena Medal

Operation  2007

Ghorkha Regiment ( 1 Aasam Rifle)

VILL. PO.Mudia Teh. Todabhim

18

Subedaar

Shiv charan

Sena Medal

Operation Rakshak 2008

Rajput

VILL. PO. Tulsipura, Teh. Karauli

19

Nayak

Rajendra Singh Solanki

Kirti Chakra

Operation Rakshak J& K, 2009

Rajput ( 10R, R)

VILL. PO- Nisura Teshil-Todabhim

20

Nayak

Rajendra Singh Solanki

Sena Medal

Operation Rakshak, J& K , 2009

Grene Dears

VILL- Mahudalalpur, PO- Muibrahimpur, Teh- Hindaun City

21

Constable

Samandar Singh

Sena Medal

Operation J&K, 2009

Rajput Regiment

VILL. PO. Tidhriya, Teh- Todabhim

KARAULI CITY: 

      Karauli district headquarter was the capital of Karauli state in the past. Karauli town was established by Yaduwanshi King Arjunpal in 1348 AD. Originally its name was Kalyanpuri, which was famous due to Kalyanji Temple in the state. It is also known as Bhadrawati City, as it is established on the bank of Bhadrawati River. Karauli town is constructed from red stone from all four sides and it's circumference is 3.7 Km long and has 6 gates and 12 windows. A beautiful palace constructed during the rule of Maharaja Gopal Singh, whose Rangmahal and Deewane Aam were beautifully constructed with the use of glasses. This town has a number of temples and ‘Madanmohanji’ temple is most prominent. This temple has been constructed with lovely paintings and well-decorated gallery along with an idol made out of black marble. This black marble was imported from Jaipur by Maharaj Gopal Singh. On every no moon day a Fair is organized in which thousands of devotees gather. In Karauli, there are places of religious beliefs like Mahaveerji Jain Temple, Jama Masjid, Eid Gah, Anjani Mata Temple, Govind Dev Ji Temple etc. 

HINDAUN CITY:

      Hindaun City is the biggest municipality in the Karauli district. Historians do not agree in relation to the story of establishment of this ancient and historic city of Hindaun. Probably, this place has been the Karmabhoomi of Hiranyakashyap and Bhakt Prahalad. The relics of Narsingh temple, Prahalad Kund, Palace of Hiranyakashyap and Bavdis are still available. Kundeva, Jagar and Danghati are the legendary places at a very short distance from here. According to folklores, this is the place of the female demon named Hindamba mentioned in the Mahabharata. At present Hindaun is the prominent industrial and commercial city of the district. Delhi-Mumbai railway route of the north central region passes from here. It is 41 KM away from the National Highway 11. Stone carving and Slate Industry work is being done here on a large scale.