District Karauli falls under “Nizamat” of ancient regions of Karauli state along with Hindaun and Gangapur of Jaipur state. It was named Kalyanpuri by Yaduwanshi rulers. Karl Marx and Colonel James Todd had mentioned in their book about Karauli. Karauli state was merged with Matasya group in April, 1949. It was merged with Jaipur state and became part of the United State of Greater Rajasthan. The Government of Rajasthan announced creation of Karauli district which was carved out of five Tehsils of Sawai Madhopur on 1st March, 1997. Notification of formation of Karauli district was issued on 15th July 1997 and then Chief Minister Shri Bhairo Singh Shekhawat inaugurated the district on 19th July, 1997. According to the Census 2011 population of the district is 14, 58, 459 and it's area is 5,043 Sq. Km. The main river of state ,Chambal River, separates it from from Madhya Pradesh. Numerous Forts and Fortresses point to it's glorious history . Out of these forts, Timangarh, Untgiri, and Mandrayal tell the story of the medieval period of the country. The Timangarh fort remained under principality of Yadhuvansh. During the period from 1093 to 1159 King Timanpal, the powerful King of the dynasty, got the Timangarh fort constructed. There are numerous ‘Chataris’ of historic legendary personalities still standing straight. The presence of relic evidences related to sculpture and architecture in Timangarh, Karauli, Hindaun etc indicate presence of magnificent temples in earlier times. Old remains are still available in King Mordhwaj’s city Gadmora in the Karauli district.
FLORA, FOREST RESOURCES:
The important trees found across district are Neem, Babul, Bairy, Dhonk, Ronj, Tendu, Salar, Khair,Santha, Jammun, Mango, Ghaneri, Bamboo, Khejda, Banyan, Peepal etc. The prominent medicinal plants found across the area are Audhijada, Chichda, Polar, Kaalilamp, Lapla,Kainch, Gugal etc. Forest of the district provides building wood, fuel, coal from wood, fodder for animals, grass, tendupata, gound, dhok leaf, honey, wax, medicinal fruits, kattha, karnaj and other useful things.
Karauli district has rich resources in the form of wild life, where various types of wild animals are found. Panther, Wild Dog, Sambhar, Neel Gaye, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Pig, Badgers are prominent. In Karauli district, Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary was established in year 1983, which was declared as forest reserve due to its closeness to Ranthambore Reserve in 1991, where tigers can be seen on various occasions. The area of sanctuary is 674 Sq. Km.
The sowing work of crop is being done in all three seasons. Kharif is dependent on rain which starts from the month of July. The commonly sown crops in this season are Bajra, Makka, Sesame, Jawhar, Gawhar etc. Rabi crops are being sown in the month of October, which mainly includes Jaun, Chana, Wheat, Mustered etc. Farming and Mining are the main occupation of the people here. Due to scarcity of ground water and lagging irrigation facilities farming mostly depends on rainfall. In district for the marketing of farming product there is a Krishi Upaj Mandi in Hindaun and Gaund Mandi in Todabheem and Karauli.
Handicarft of Karauli has a special place for Lakh Bangles and approximately rupees one lac worth of bangles are being exported to various provinces every year. Manufacturing business of bangles is done by local Lakhera and Muslim community of Hindaun and Karauli town. This work provides employment to around 500 people. Apart from this Karauli district is also involved in manufacturing of wooden toys and kitchenwares like Rahi of Dahi – Biloni, Spoon of wood and charpoy. In present, manufacturing of statues and windows(Jhali-Jharoke) through stone carving work is also done in RIICO areas of Hindaun and Karauli.
Karauli district has immense prospects for tourism as many historical Forts, monuments, archaeological attraction are there. Culture and Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary can also attract the tourists. Tourism industry is known for investmentless business. It can open gates of employment to many local citizens directly or indirectly. Fairs organised in the district and four major religious spots attratcts tourist automatically. Public representatives and administration have to work in coordinated and synergistic way towards the enhancement for the tourism by attracting tourists towards Ravines of Chambal, boating in Panchna Dam and village tourism as attraction spots. To bring Karauli on the tourist map , there is a need for big tourist fair.To increase the foot fall of tourist it is necessary to re-organise and reform the tourist fairs and historic fairs like Shivratri animal fair on the line of famous Nagore animal fair etc.
There is a huge possibility of Horticulture and Medicinal plantation in the district Karauli. In Daang, medicinal plants like Amla, Mango, Lemon and other medicinal crops and dairy related activities and traditional farming with the help of scientific technology can boost the farming opportunities in the areas of Hindaun, Tadobhim, Nadauti and Sapotra. District’s conditions also provide the possibility of processing industry and milk production via co-operative and private activities. Nadauti which is known as “Maad” has huge possibilities for Dalahan and Tilhan crop productions. Farm ponds are emerging as model efforts for water harvesting in the district.
Irrigation is chiefly done by Panchna, Kalisil, Nidar, Jagar and Mamchari Dam in the area. In future, there are few projects namely Chambal-Panchna Jagar lift project and Gudla-Panchna lift project which are going to be completed and will irrigate areas of Karauli and Hindaun. Presently Drip and Fountain irrigation methods are being used and crops are being selected based on these techniques.
In the field of the energy Karauli is growing as the brightness of the Sun, installation of 440 kilovolt electric sub-station at Gudachandila of the district would brighten district of Karauli, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, Bharatpur. According to the policies of state government 132 kilovolt sub-stations and 33 kilovolt sub-station in every two gram panchayats would provide uninterrupted electric supply for farming, industries, and residential areas. There is a high possibility of projects for producing hydro-electricity in Rahugath and wind energy production in Dang area in coming future.
Education is considered as an axis for development of the community. The talented persons of Karauli have gained achievement in Administrative, Engineering and other state services and made district proud. Every division of the district would be established with state level colleges, girls college, engineering and polytechnic colleges which would help local villagers in getting a higher education. In the field on medical along with a district hospital, education facilities will also be developed.
Karauli district is experiencing new efforts in the field of mineral reserves which can make the district as a hub of industrial development. RIICO industrial areas in Hindaun and Karauli are accelerating the industrial development continuously. Areas of pioneering include stone carving, statue production and artifacts production. Apart from these, the specialities of the district are plastic pipe production, milk production & collection units, farm processing industry, and lakh chudi (lakh bangles) industry. To boom the industrial growth plant of IFFCO and cement industry have been proposed to be started in the Hindaun division of the district Karauli.
There is lot be done for transport infrastructure in Karauli. There are many projects underlying and in progress for connecting this district headquarter from the rest of the country. These projects are construction of bridge over Chambal for connecting Mandrayal with Madhya Pradesh, National Highway 11B, Karauli – Hindaun – Mahua Mega Highway, construction of Bypass in Karauli etc. These projects will provide lot of employement.
At present district is dependent on projects based on underground water from the viewpoint drinking water supply. During summer season, Daang area and villages affected with the problem of drinking water shortage are being fulfilled through tankers. In coming days for preparing projects based on water bodies: Nidar Dam, Kalisil, Panchna and Jagar Dam will be very important and useful. The Chambal Lift project approved by the state government will be helpful in solving drinking water problem in hundreds of villages Hindaun, Nadauti and Todabheem of Karauli. Presently, local citizens and NGO’s have to focus on minimizing water wastage and rainwater harvesting. At last, we can confidently say that Karauli district in coming years would establish new standards of developments; the only requirement is to work with positive thinking along with coordination.